The Research Board on Weather, Climate, Water and the Environment (Research Board) translates the strategic aims of WMO and decisions of Executive Council and Congress into overarching research priorities and ensuring the implementation and coordination of the research programmes to achieve these priorities. It fosters an integrated and multi-disciplinary research approach to weather, climate, water and environment, and develops all elements of the value chain, from discovery science to serving society, in the context of the Earth System science. It encompasses the generation of information (observations and their infrastructure, modelling, forecasting), postprocessing, the generation of products and suitable interfaces, and the dissemination to users and the perception and decision-making. The interaction with users, for example, through co-design of projects, is essential for the exploration of user-oriented services (from Ruti et al. 2020, BAMS)
The Research Board convenes the international scientific community who engage with WMO and who value the opportunity to enhance the societal impact of their research through their relationship with WMO. The Research Board fosters an integrated and multi- disciplinary research approach to weather, climate, water and environment, and develops all elements of the value chain, from discovery science to serving society, in the context of Earth System science.
The Research Board convenes, organizes and motivates, in an inclusive, flexible and forward looking way, the scientific and technical community around the three research objectives of the WMO strategic plan and facilitate the integration across the WMO sponsored and co-sponsored programmes:
- Advance scientific knowledge of the Earth system
- Enhance the science-for-service value chain ensuring scientific and technological advances improve predictive capabilities
- Advance policy-relevant science
The Research Board is developing a number of Concept Notes to address WMO long-term goals and to guide the integration across the research programmes. Key topics are:
- Science for Services,
- Innovation in Regions,
- Earth System Modelling and Observations,
- Exascale-Big Data and Artificial Intelligence and/or Machine Learning
The Research Board and the Hydrological Coordination Panel (HCP) of the WMO in close coordination with the Infrastructure and Services Commissions as well as other partners/organizations, in particular the International Hydrology Program (IHP) of UNESCO currently develops the WMO’s Research Strategy on Hydrology which addresses the scientific and knowledge gaps necessary to improve the delivery of hydrologic information and services (i.e., operational hydrology).
To create fast-track solutions to emerging problems the Research Board can create special Task Teams that focus on shorter, more urgent research priorities.